Labović, Miodrag (2011) SOCIAL CONTROL OF THE INSTITUTIONAL ORGANISED CRIME. In: POLICING IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE – SOCIAL CONTROL OF UNCONVENTIONAL DEVIANCE. Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security (FCJS), University of Maribor, Ljubljana, pp. 187-212. ISBN 978-961-6821-10-0

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The purpose of this study is to discover and identify new types of organized crime on the basis of qualitatively new criteria that have never been used so far.
Also, one of the aim is creating a new conceptual framework for dealing with the most dangerous type of organized crime - the institutional type of organized crime.

The study take a systemic and qualitative approach. The research is based on the author’s long-term direct practical observing of hundreds cases, statistical indications and hundreds in-depth semi-structured and non-structured interviews, from which 37 are with high-level officials.

Five types of organized crime were identified. In addition to other, well-known types of organized crime, two new types of organized crime are discovered, which have been unknown in scientific theoretical thought so far. Тhis study has discovered two new types of organized crime: institutional and institutionalized organized crime.

Scientific discovering and explaining of two new types of organized crime - institutional and institutionalized organized crime.
Another originality of this study is setting up a conceptual framework for finding a longstanding, systemic stable solutions for an exceedingly high rate of institutional organized crime. For that purpose, this study found out that the problem can be resolved if in the legal system would be foreseen foundation of systemic serial of optimal independent institutions against institutional type of organized crime which is inseparably linked with high type of corruption. The optimal independent institutions are needed to be independent from the government, and in a certain way from the parliament, but not from the wide social control by the civil society. This concept is guided by the knowledge that even though all governments in the developed countries have big power vis a vis parliaments, the governments in the fragile societies have an incomparable huge concentration of power, which is not controlled by no one legal institution.
The developed countries with longstanding statehood, traditional democracy, political culture and law awareness
can deal with this issue in standard ways. But in the transitional and undeveloped countries, there is a lack of such determinative factors. Because the governments in these countries are really dominant generator of institutional organized crime, for that reasons dealing with the most dangerous type of organized crime must included qualitatively new and non-standard solutions.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Law
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Political science
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Prof. d-r Miodrag Labovic
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2023 13:25
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2023 13:25

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