Trafficking in Human Beings Vs. Migrant Smuggling: Theoretical and Practical Discourse Analysis within Mixed Migrant Flows in the Republic of Macedonia

Rajkovchevski, Rade and Mirceva, Stojanka (2018) Trafficking in Human Beings Vs. Migrant Smuggling: Theoretical and Practical Discourse Analysis within Mixed Migrant Flows in the Republic of Macedonia. In: Security System Reforms as A Precondition for Euro-Atlantic Integrations. Faculty of Security-Skopje, Skopje, Macedonia, pp. 137-146. ISBN 978-608-4828-37-2

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Background: Mixed migration flows on the Balkan Route in the period 2014-2016, as many times in the history of the Balkans, has highlighted the significance of migrations, as a demographic and security threat, too, and associated with the operation of the local and transnational crime groups.
The general terminology referring to the migrations, imposed the need to differentiate the key terms related to migration and associated vulnerabilities to victimization, which proved to be crucial for defining the approaches of relevant stakeholders in handling and dealing with criminal offenses and the provision of humanitarian, legal and social services. In this context, the most specific are the vulnerable categories of migrant/refugees – victims of trafficking in human beings and victims of rights violations in the context of migrant smuggling.
The differentiation of terms of trafficking in human beings (THB) and smuggling of migrants (U.S. Department of State, 2017; (OECD, 2015, p.2) is still a key challenge in approaching the migrants by the frontline governmental and non-governmental actors and processing further the acts of crime.
The paper theorizes the challenges and barriers coming from the understanding of the THB by the frontline workers, gaps in understanding the difference between victims of THB and smuggled migrant, and illuminates the necessity for investing in the skills the frontline workers to detect and process the acts of THB in the mixed migration flows.
Methods: Document analysis as a data collection technique was applied to relevant reports and publications issued by (inter)governmental entities (UN agencies, Ministry of Interior, National Commission for Combating Human Trafficking and Illegal Migration and MARRI Regional Center), CSOs and individual papers.
Results: The paper should propose the recommendations for building the institutional capacities of the deployed frontline workers from the non-state stakeholders for detection and processing the acts of THB in the premises where persons in transit are accommodated.
Conclusion: Paper uses academic critical approach, taking into consideration readiness of frontline workers to understand better the terminology and capacities to identify and how to further proceed the acts of THB whereas the persons in transits are involved.
Key words: Balkan, trafficking in human beings, migrants, frontline workers.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Law
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Political science
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rade Rajkovchevski
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2022 07:04
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2022 12:09

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