Bacanovic, Oliver and Jovanova, Natasa (2017) VICTIMOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF HATE CRIME. In: INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE - SECURITY CONCEPTS AND POLICIES - NEW GENERATION OF RISKS AND THREATS. University “St. Kliment Ohridski”- Bitola, Faculty of Security- Skopje, pp. 267-278.

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The criminal offences of hate crime are offences with a distinctive victimological
dimension, and without its studying it is not possible to for see the complexity of these
offences. In accordance with the used literature, it can be ascertained that the
victimological dimension of examining the complex issue of the hate crime offences is
insufficiently studied, and even less empirically surveyed, especially when it is a question
of Republic of Macedonia.
One of the specifics of the hate crime offences is the choice of the victim which
belongs to a specific social group and its instrumentation to be used as a mean for
achieving the further aim: the offence is pointed towards the victim as a member of the
group, and she, most common, is chosen victim from which the message should be sent to
the entire group.
In this study, the authors will make attempts to identify the characteristics of the
victim of the hate crime offences, although that will be relatively difficult, whereas with
elements of hate are heterogeneous, and also for the fact that the dark figure of this type of
crime is large. When it comes to the last, it can be ascertained that many hate crimes
remain unreported, unprocessed and in accordance with that – invisible.
The subject of this study will include also the consequences of the hate crime,
which is especially significant out of a victimological aspect, whereupon the starting basics
for its analysing will represent the ascertainment that they, as a rule, does not refer only to
the victim and the group that the victim belongs, but also to the victim‘s inner and broader
circle, and the society as a whole.
The main aim of this study is to indicate the indispensability of the theoretical and
the empirical studying of the victimological dimension of the hate crime offences.
Keywords: hate crime, victims of hate crime, hate, invisibility

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Law
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Sociology
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Fbs Eprints
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2022 16:46
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2022 16:46

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