Mass-surveillance and new control of crime: challenges and threats

Stefanovska, Vesna (2017) Mass-surveillance and new control of crime: challenges and threats. Conference proceedings from the International scientific conference “Security concepts and polices - new generation of risk and threats, Vol. II,. pp. 289-299.

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The 21st century is characterized by a changing nature of crime control and its methods. The new policy of crime control arises, on the one hand, as the result of the failure of the traditional repressive measures to reduce crime. In addition, changes take place due to the fact that the traditional social prevention measures fail to produce the anticipated outcomes in terms of reduction, elimination, or at least, mitigation of the negative consequences caused by the social factors. As a result, in theory and practice, scholars debate more the control and management of both, crime and behavior of the people who are seen as risk and potential offenders. Hence, the measures are targeting the presumed danger and they want to reduce the risk and fear of crime, rather than the real causes and crime as such. Such controls render some dangers, because in the network of social control, they also include those citizens who do not represent any real threat to public safety. The most spread means of controlling crime in the 21st century is the mass- surveillance operationalized through video-surveillance (CCTV), neighborhood watch programs, private security and surveillance, and the like. It is used to monitor both the public and private space in order to protect and secure the citizens (as legitimate users) from outsiders, illegitimate users or unwanted persons in those areas. However, surveillance is frequently faced with criticism, which is subject to scientific debates and public discourses. It can have certain positive outcomes in terms of increased safety or decreased fear of the citizens in the areas where they are set (although some studies indicate the opposite results). But, we cannot deny that surveillance is in conflict with certain human rights. These current debates concerning the challenges, threats and criticism of the new crime control, in particular, are the subject of this article. In addition, we will make a brief overview of the challenges produced by globalism which have inevitably led to the new crime control policy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Law
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Ms. Olivera Trajanova
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2021 16:23
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2021 16:23

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