Jankuloska, Vezirka and Karov, Ilija and Pavlovska, Gorica and Kalevska, Tatjana and Stamatovska, Viktorija and Uzunoska, Zora (2019) PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN FOOD: FOOD SAFETY, NUTRITION AND HEALTH EFFECTS. International Journal of Food Technology and Nutrition.

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Pesticides are chemical substances which used to ensure high crop yields. From year to year the sales of plant protection
products (fungicides, herbicides, insecticides) in agriculture are increasing. The use of pesticides during production often leads
to the presence of pesticide residues in fruit after and during harvest. Exposure to food pesticide residues through the diet can
negatively affect the central nervous system, the cardiovascular system and respiratory system. For these reasons, monitoring the
presence of pesticides in food is of great importance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the residues of pesticides in apples
from Resen. The UPLC-TQ/MS method was used for determining pesticide residues. The pesticide residue is extracted with
QuEChERS. From the total number of samples, it was noted that in the apples from the Evla location, the most abundant
pesticide is chlorpyrifos with 20 %, then pyrimethanil and dimethoate with 13.33 %, in comparison with other pesticides etc. In
apples from the Kriveni location, the most common pesticides are tebuconazole and omethoate with 13.16% in comparison with
other pesticides. The permissible pesticide residue level in foods is an important criterion for food safety. Future longer term
studies are required in this area and would help attain a deeper knowledge about the fruit production with respect to the use of
pesticides and their presence in samples.
Keywords: pesticides, chlorpyrifos, dimethoate, apples

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Agriculture, forestry and fisheries
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Agricultural biotechnology
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Other agricultural sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Technology and Technical Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Jordan Martinovski
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2019 11:25
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2019 11:25

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