Uzunoska, Zora and Kalevska, Tatjana and Stamatovska, Viktorija and Belichovska, K. and Belichovska, D. and Nikolovska Nedelkoska, Daniela and Blazevska, Tatjana (2018) VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION AND BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN FEMALES. Journal of Hygienic Engineering and Design, 23. pp. 81-90.

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Vegetables consisted of wide spectrum of nutrients are linked with lower bone turnover, especially bone
resorption. For osteoporosis, the evidence from a combination of observational, experimental, clinical, and
intervention studies strongly suggest a positive link between vegetable consumption and indexes of bone
health. Objective of our research was to investigate the impact of the frequency of vegetable consumption on
bone mineral density (BMD) in females.
BMD was measured in 210 females by DEXA denzitometar. For the manner of nutrition a questionnaire was
used. The females were divided into 4 age groups, and 4 subgroups: those consuming vegetables on: daily
bases; 3 - 5 times/week; 1 - 2 times/week; and non-consumers. Data analysis was performed by statistical
program Statistica 7.1 for Windows and SPSS Statistics 17.0. The significance was determined by p < 0.05.
0 - 49 and above 69 years old females, did not have significant differences in BMD no matter of vegetable
consumption. 50 - 59 years and 60 - 69 years old females on everyday consumption had significantly higher
BMD compared to 3 - 5 and 1 - 2 weekly consumers (p < 0.001). However BMD between 3 - 5 and 1 - 2
weekly consumers did not differ significantly. The highest influence on BMD/consumption/age ratio had every
day consumption than 3 - 5 weekly consumption, while age had the weakest influence. Every day
consumers, no matter of age, had a lower percentage of osteoporosis and heavy forms of osteoporosis
compared to no consumers (10.9% v. 50% and 17.2% v. 25%). Normal level of BMD was not identified in no
consumers group.
Everyday consumption of vegetables has significantly positive impact on BMD of 50 - 59 and 60 - 69 years
old females, and it can be considered as a natural option for Osteoporosis prevention, as well as protection
factor of critical BMD lowering to fracture threshold. However in 40 - 49 and above 69 years of age the
frequency of vegetable consumption have no such influence.

Key words: Vegetables, Bone Mineral Density, Osteoporosis, Females, Prevention.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Natural sciences > Biological sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Other agricultural sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Engineering and Technology > Other engineering and technologies
Divisions: Faculty of Technology and Technical Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Jordan Martinovski
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2019 14:53
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2024 10:34

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