LOCAL ADAPTATION STRATEGY PLAN for the City of Skopje: Resilience Climate Change Adaptation Plan

Rajkovcevski, Rade and Dorevski, Zoran (2019) LOCAL ADAPTATION STRATEGY PLAN for the City of Skopje: Resilience Climate Change Adaptation Plan. Project Report. City of Skopje, Skopje, Macedonia.

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Abstract

The City of Skopje, as leader in organization of the local self-government in Republic of Macedonia is striving for adoption of high standards for disaster risk reduction and management, by introduction of standards and implementation of the international regulation related to urban resilience. The Local Adaptation Strategic Plan determines the decisiveness of the city for quality improvement of the citizens’ life regarding the environmental safety and protection. The plan covers directions and measures aimed at heads of the city sectors considered, practitioners of the city administration, local and central bodies, civic sector and international organisations. The mentioned target groups are expected to understand all the critical aspects deriving from the urban resilience and climate change management and challenges that might in future threaten the safety and security of the citizens. The plan is designed to give consistent response and to serve as guidebook in all the natural disasters and dangers risk management occurred as a result of human factor and climate change. The adoption of this document should cover the period until establishment of formal urban resilience strategy, taking into account the international trends, the public policies, the dynamic for adoption of the strategic documents and their application. The plan should be document complementary to the strategic documents related to the urban resilience of the City of Skopje. The draft version of the plan has been prepared by the the members of the Urban Resilience Strategic Team of the City of Skopje, formed for the purpose of EPICURO Project. The opinions, suggestions and notes by the project task coordinator as well as by other partner cities and organisations involved in the project have been taken into account. The designing and implementation of the plan should provide opportunities for learning and increasing of the skills and expertise of the internal and external experts of the city, regarding the issues of environment, energy efficiency, waste management, disaster (risk) management and sustainable mobility. The idea for developing of the plan was to strengthen the intersectoral cooperation within the City of Skopje, to use the benefits from the international partnerships for introduction of innovations (initiatives and technologies) and to change the way of thinking and awareness for disaster risk management and climate change adaptation. The plan contents present the conditions and gives recommendations for increasing of the urban resilience, through measures for traditional and contemporary risk management. For that purpose, several project activities are of special importance as they mean sharing knowledge and best practices, results from the local and international training and activities for international support. EPICURO Project and the plan as the most significant result from the project are focused on internationalization of the efforts of the city governments and administration for building partnership with different types of local, international, state and non-state entities, bodies and institutions. In case of EPICURO Project, those are possibilities deriving from the European Civil Protection Mechanism. The plan is not exclusive by itself, as it is product of the continuous activities of the city governments in disaster risk management, mostly related to the references the city has from its partnership with different initiatives and projects of EU, European Council and United Nations Organisation (UN) regarding reduction of disaster risks, climate change adaptation and local development. The City of Skopje has aligned the Pact of Mayors in May 2010, at the Sustainable Energy Convention in Europe held in Brussels, and has obliged itself to: reduce the emission of CO2 in the atmosphere; create and strengthen the dynamic of reduction of СО2 at the area of the city and to be example for the other municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia regarding the importance of the sustainable energy as well as promotion of new sustainable energy types (City of Skopje, 17 May 2010). In 2011 the Council of the City has adopted Action Plan for Sustainable Energy Development and made efforts to implementation of measures and activities for CO2 reduction for more than 20% for the period 2008-2020. For the purpose of achieving the goal of 20% the Council has adopted Waste Management Plan 2010-2015, Local Environmental Action Plan 2, Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan and Study for determination of the potentials and possibilities for use of renewable energy sources (Bin2Grid, 2016). AHELOUS Project (2014-2015, as first project in Republic of Macedonia funded by the Financial Instrument of the Europeans Civil Protection Mechanism), EPICURO (2016-2018, funded by the Program Europe for Citizens: Network of Towns’), the Urban Resilience Strategy – Resilient Skopje (reference document in preparation of the plan, developed through the UN Development Program – UNDP), the ongoing project activities of UNDP and the city that refer to mapping and urban heat island management and other project from the program Horizon 2020, left and still leave strong influence in the references of the city related to the urban resilience. In December 2018, the City of Skopje prepared a document entitled "Urban Heat islands - Analysis and Action Plan", which includes measures that refer to specific locations that incorporate experiences and measures resulting from the sharing of knowledge within the EPICURO project. The city for the implementation of these measures in the 2019 budget envisages financial resources in the amount of 5 million denars (81.300 EUR), a trend that should be maintained in the coming years. The adaptation to which the plan refers covers the most vulnerable sectors. In most part it refers to the reduction of disaster risks, in smaller part in the sectors of wood industry and water resources, and at least to the cultural heritage protection, health, biological diversity, tourism and agriculture. Therefore, the measures and recommendations from the plan act together with the approach consisted in the Third Plan for Climate Change, in the part that refers to disaster and climate change risk reduction, published by the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning (2014). The scope of the vulnerability is limited to biophysical (natural) vulnerability, less to socio-economic vulnerability and partially it covers the four factors of vulnerability defined by UN in 2004 and the vulnerability indicators (Zdraveva, 2014: 12, 16). In addition, the biophysical vulnerability is conditioned by the characteristics of the natural environment, while the socio-economic vulnerability of the population depends on the economic resources and living conditions, the institutional structure, competence relations, institutions and cultural aspects.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Political science
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rade Rajkovchevski
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2022 16:27
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2022 12:11
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/7287

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