The impact of apple preparation on the content of chlorpyrifos pesticide residues in the fi nal products

Dimoski, Aleksandar and Jankuloska, Vezirka and Pavlovska, Gorica and Trajkovska-Petkoska, Anka (2021) The impact of apple preparation on the content of chlorpyrifos pesticide residues in the fi nal products. SCIENDO.

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Abstract

The apples of Red Delicious are round fruits that have red colour when ripe according to which they are named. They can be eaten fresh, but also can be processed into a variety of processed products including apple juice. In order to grow or obtain better yield of a good quality apples, pesticides are usually used to protect apple trees, but they can adversely aff ect human health, therefore, some precautions should be taken when these chemicals are used as food contact materials. This study summarizes the presence of chlorpyrifos pesticide residues in apples that are prepared by diff erent methods including mechanical treatments, fresh, washed, peeled as well as heat treatment of apples when prepared into an apple juice. For this purpose, the QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Eff ective, Rugged and Safe) method was used for residue extraction in apple samples after diff erent methods of preparation, and their analyses were performed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The concentration of the pesticide chlorpyrifos in diff erent samples of apples was in the range of less than 0.0005 mg.kg-1 to 0.00348 mg.kg-1. This study provides a conclusion that all samples of apples are safe for consumption while the peeling method and heat treatment are the most effi cient in reduction of chlorpyrifos content in the fi nal products. Keywords: apple, chlorpyrifos, apple juice, processing factor, food safety

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Other agricultural sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Natural sciences > Other natural sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Engineering and Technology > Other engineering and technologies
Divisions: Faculty of Technology and Technical Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Jordan Martinovski
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2021 15:32
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2021 15:32
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/6680

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