DISPARITIES IN FOOD HABITS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS AMONG ADULT POPULATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA AND DEVELOPING A NEW HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL

Simovska-Jarevska, Vera and Uzunoska, Zora and Martinovski, Sasko and Antoska-Knight, Vesna and Kalevska, Tatjana (2016) DISPARITIES IN FOOD HABITS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS AMONG ADULT POPULATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA AND DEVELOPING A NEW HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL. Federation of the sports pedagogues of the Republic of Macedonia, Research in Kinesiology, International Journal of Kinesiology and Other Related Sciences, 44 (1). pp. 99-105. ISSN 1857-7679

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Official URL: http://fsprm.mk/rik-2016-vol-44-no-1/

Abstract

It is well documented that health-risk behaviors are linked to socioeconomic status, but some reasons for this remain unclear. The objectives: To analyze and evaluate the results for socioeconomic inequalities: income and education on the consumption of the main health-related foods and physical activity among Macedonian adult population and to develop a health promotion model for effective behavioral modification. Methods: The cross-section, population-based study was conducted in the Republic of Macedonia in 2012 using food frequency (FFQ) and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) questionnaires. The sampling unit was the individual including 1020 adult participants, with the core age range from 19 to 64 years. Variable measured: The frequency of consumption of bread, milk and dairy products, meat, vegetables and fruits, and LTPA. Indicators of socioeconomic inequalities: income and education. Data analysis was carried out using STATISTICS version 7 software package. Projected future ratio (PFR) of economic and education status of food groups and physical activity was estimated using Buhlmann-Straub statistical method. Results: The use of whole grain breads, low fat milk and fish were more prevalent among higher educated participants with better income. Decreased LTPA were estimated among low educated participants. A health promotion model included several steps integrating the multiple factors that influence behavior. Conclusions: The radical change in the food market and reformulation, developing guidelines and policy on labeling and health claim, and city planning that will enhance LTPA are among the measures that will help get the NCD’s epidemic under control. Keywords: food habits, physical activity levels, health-risk behavior, education health promotion, chronic diseases prevention

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Natural sciences > Other natural sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Technology and Technical Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Jordan Martinovski
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2017 16:23
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2018 10:30
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/542

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