Contemporary Trends in Social Control of Crime - Book of abstracts 2016

Mojanoski, Cane and Batkovski, Tome and Dujovski, Nikola and Mojsoska, Snezana and Nikoloska, Svetlana and Stefanovska, Vesna and Gogov, Bogdanco (2016) Contemporary Trends in Social Control of Crime - Book of abstracts 2016. Faculty of Security - Skopje, Skopje. ISBN ISBN 978-608-4532-84-2

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Official URL: http://fb.uklo.edu.mk/fs?file=collection/%CE%92%CE...

Abstract

The topic of crime and its control has been continually present on the social, political and research arena and has been also a subject to a number of debates and scientific researches. As the crime and the fear from the crime change on local, regional and on global level, simultaneously the social reactions and the forms of crime control also change. Their study, especially in the second half of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century, shows more changes in the reforms of the criminal justice system, which are in line with alternations occurring not only with the state of crime, but also in social, economic, political and security circumstances in other societies. In the context of the 70’s, the crime control was influenced by the so-called Penal coercionist, rehabilitation of offenders and the development of the state of welfare due to the failure of the state to deliver the anticipated justice. Thus two paradigms were developed: first, that nothing helps and the second - justice has been threatened. In that period, influenced by the structural social processes, (we think here of globalization, unequal distribution of wealth at all levels in the world, migratory movements, terrorism and cyclical recessions of capitalism that actually generate crime,) there are conflicts between the objectives of penalties (prevention, deterrence, rehabilitation and second, the realization of justice), the rights of offenders and the public interest, the legal principles, the functions of the police and the objectives of post-penal and social work. These processes produce not only changes in the condition of the crime, or its increase and change, but also represent changes in the social policy as well as in the criminal justice system. As a result, in the period of late modernism, the problem of crime control is mainly associated with the security of the society as well as the increased risks to the feeling of insecurity that caused the increased repressive policies by the criminal justice system. At the same time the policies of risk management and the application of new technologies are implemented. They are part of the situational approach in the crime control. Basically, the new technologies for monitoring and detection of offenders place the citizens as a potential object of observation. In this context, the police is less concerned with the Crime Prevention which relies more on new information and telecommunications as well as on other means of technology. This technological development is necessary, but at the same time it shifts away the police from citizens and their security needs, resulting in its reticence towards the public as well as implementation of repressive methods. Relying on the Law enforcement model or on what is now called the establishment of law and order, the police is being militarized growing into a serious threat both to the citizens and to the development of democratic processes. The police has thus transformed itself into the main force in the hands of the powerful for the retention of status quo. Therefore, such a social control of crime cannot adequately respond to its challenges and there is a discrepancy between the punishment, which remains the prerogative of the State as part of the traditional criminal justice and the crime control that follows the state justice.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Educational sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Law
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Political science
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Olivera Trajanova
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2017 12:06
Last Modified: 13 May 2019 09:49
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/221

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