Career counseling in primary, secondary and higher education

Markoski, Goce and Shkof, Izabela and Kovacheska, Marija (2024) Career counseling in primary, secondary and higher education. EUROGUIDANCE NETWORK.

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Over the entire course of development of human society, the characteristics of the world of labour are
also changing in parallel. These changes are conditioned by various global, national and local economic
conditions and significantly influence the shaping of the professional and personal identity of individuals.
In the last few decades those changes, as well as the demands arising from them, have significantly
changed the essence of the models of organized aid for individuals to face challenges in their professional
and personal development.
The modern characteristics of labour set certain requirements, creating new needs in regards to the
professional and personal development of individuals. Thus arises the necessity of developing
competencies for managing one's own career.
Dramatic changes are also occurring in the understanding, conceptualization and implementation of
educational policies meant to enable the development of competencies for managing one's own career.
Following the changes in the world of labor and the different positioning of people in relation to the
world of labor, interventions range from the creation of new educational policies in formal and nonformal education to specific programs that are mostly intended for and adapted to certain target groups.
Countries that see career development as a long-term profitable investment invest in the advancement
of the career counseling process and continuously expand the concepts that support it. In these
interventions, they recognize preventive actions upon the later negative effects in the professional life of
adolescents. That's why career counseling is introduced into the educational system at an early age for
students, first as a concept that they should get used to thinking about, to be able to separate and use
the information they face in everyday life, and to later make decisions about their own professional
To understand what kinds of demands are placed on education and how it can respond to those
demands, this publication will explain the relationship between education and career
counselling/guidance, in the context of building career management skills. Emphasis will be placed on the
influence of career counseling on career indecisiveness and self-efficacy in relation to the process of
making career decisions among adolescents and youth. Opportunities to develop career planning skills at
all levels of formal education will be considered. We start from the fact that one of the main tasks of
adolescents / young people over the course of their education is the formation of their professional
Keywords: career, career counseling, career guidance, secondary education, adolescents, career
indecision, career planning, self-efficacy in relation to career decision-making

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Economics and Business
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Educational sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Psychology
Divisions: Rectorate
Depositing User: D-r Goce Markoski
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2024 11:33
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2024 11:33

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