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Voltammetry of chemically deposited Cu x O electrochromic films, coated with ZnO or TiO2 electrocatalyst layers


Cu x O is a known electrochromic material for solar light modulation applications. Cu x O films were synthesized by chemical bath deposition (CBD) method from two aqueous solutions. The films contained the two oxide phases of copper, CuO and Cu2O, established from the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) scans of the Cu x O film surface demonstrated that the films grew in round grains with average diameters of about 260, 470, and 620 nm, for the films grown upon 100,150, and 200 successive immersions, correspondingly. Cyclic voltammetry has been employed as a tool for examination of the reversible red-ox kinetics. It appeared that the grain size is an influential factor for the voltammetric parameter’s enhancement as the most distinct redox peaks were observed at the 470-nm grain size Cu x O film. In order to enhance the electrochromic performance of the Cu x O-based electrochromic device, two wide gap semiconductors (ZnO and TiO2) were coated onto Cu x O, assuming they reveal protection/catalyst character. Although the “morphology” of the voltammetric profile was found to be similar for the as-prepared and the coated Cu x O films, the voltammetric intensity response apparently grew for the coated films. Furthermore, the results showed that the examined coatings catalyzed the electrochemical redox process, thereby boosting up the efficiency of the CuO ↔ Cu2O reversible electrochemical conversion.

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The authors kindly acknowledge the contribution of Dr. Milorad Milun from the Institute of Physics, Zagreb, Croatia, for performing the XPS scans in their laboratory for the merits of this research, and to Ilija Nasov from Plasma Technologies Ltd from Skopje, for depositing the TiO2 coatings.

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Correspondence to M. M. Ristova.

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Ristova, M.M., Mirceski, V. & Neskovska, R. Voltammetry of chemically deposited Cu x O electrochromic films, coated with ZnO or TiO2 electrocatalyst layers. J Solid State Electrochem 19, 749–756 (2015).

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  • Chemical deposition
  • Electrochromism
  • XPS
  • SEM
  • Cu x O
  • ZnO
  • TiO2
  • Cyclic voltammetry