Comparative Analysis of Disaster Risk Management Systems in Germany, USA, Russia And China

Cveković, Vladimir and Andrić, Katarina and Ivanov, Aleksandar (2023) Comparative Analysis of Disaster Risk Management Systems in Germany, USA, Russia And China. Security Dialogues (2). ISSN 1857-7172 (In Press)

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The uniqueness of each system stems from the fact that the risks of disasters are specific and that their presence and manifestation are not universal and the same for every country. Just as no country is the same in all other segments, their disaster risk management systems are unequal. The paper describes the systems in four different countries, through observation and comparison of four areas of activity that are implemented in dealing with disasters. First of all, in the paper, the legal basis and institutional frameworks on which these systems rest in each of the countries were considered – starting from the international level and guidelines given at international conferences, to all by-laws and local disaster activity plans. It was considered how each of the states implements risk mitigation activities and how it increases preparedness for them. When the system recognizes risks, their probability and the frequency of their occurrence, activities are planned to prepare the country and every indi-vidual in it for a potentially unwanted event. Differences in the ways of mitigating risks and preparing all el-ements of the system and protected values for disasters are presented. The third element of action in the event of disasters concerns the response. In this segment, questions are raised regarding institutional solutions in the system, division of responsibilities, the priority of response and mobilization of resources at all levels. The last phase, the one that occurs after the disaster, and that is the recovery from it, depends on the reaction. In the paper, it was discussed how in the end, when a disaster occurs and when damage to the population, environ-ment, material and other goods occurred, how each of the states implements reconstruction, i.e. how it recovers - whether that recovery was previously well planned or whether ad hoc solutions are applied.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Ms. Olivera Trajanova
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2023 14:29
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2023 14:29

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