Comparison of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in North Macedonia over the last Three Decades

Lutovska, Monika and Mijakovski, Vladimir and Rendevski, Nikola (2022) Comparison of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in North Macedonia over the last Three Decades. In: 20th International Conference on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia (SimTerm 2022), October 18-21, 2022, Nis, Republic of Serbia.

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Greenhouse gases (GHGs), as the most significant driver of observed climate change are attributable primarily to human activities. Worldwide, net emissions of GHGs increased by 35% in the last three decades. In order to identify the major sources and removals/sinks of GHGs, North Macedonia has conducted a National Inventory of anthropogenic emissions. In this study, a comparison between the current emission trends of the main pollutants PM10, SO2 and NOx, and their concentrations measured in 1990, is made. PM10 emissions are continuously decreasing, reaching a level of 13.4 kt in 2020, or a decrease of 72% compared to 1990. Since then, NOx emissions have decreased by 56% and in 2020 reached a level of around 20 kt. The main emission source of SO2 in 2020, is as expected energy industries, contributed with 92% in 1990, and with 95% of the national total SO2 emissions in 2020. These emissions have not reached values below the defined emission ceiling provided by the Gothenburg protocol, because the expected implementation of a desulfurization unit in the REK Bitola Power Plant, according to the oldest sulfur protocol, has not yet been realized. Additionally, the declared crisis situation in the Energy, and the predicted increased use of coal and fuel oil for electricity and heat production in 2022, will further increase SO2 concentrations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Engineering and Technology > Environmental engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Technical Sciences
Depositing User: Prof. d-r. Vladimir Mijakovski
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2023 08:36
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2023 08:36

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