Milenkoski, Mile and Talevski Dimitrija, Jove (2011) THE BORDERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA. Boundary and Security Bulletin, 9 (1). pp. 81-85.

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The Republic of Macedonia occupies an area which, due to its geo-strategic position, natural, historical and development features, is considered to be very complex. This complexity is evident in the social, ethnic and demographic heterogeneity of the country and, from an historical viewpoint a polarised territorial system. Since ancient times this area has been the scene of many confrontations and territorial claims. There have also been periods of significant historical, anthropological, political and geographical change. As a result, constant integration and disintegration processes have taken place in the Republic of Macedonia, which underline the need for thorough study of the area, naturally including a study of its borders and border areas. Three of the present borders of the republic were established at the end of World War I, while the fourth was determined at the end of World War II. On 2 August 1944, the Vardar valley part of Macedonia was proclaimed a republic, becoming an equal republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Macedonia's borders with the Republics of Albania, Greece and Bulgaria were thus also the international borders of SFRY with these countries. After Macedonia gained its independence its former internal administrative border with federal Yugoslavia was established as an international border. Different historical and geographical events have influenced the present borders of the Republic of Macedonia. Much has been written and said about this, but it should be noted that the present international borders of Macedonia do not encompass all ethnic Macedonians (see previous article). Although the present borderline appears, for much of its length, to be a 'natural' border, its establishment was influenced mostly by military and strategic considerations. As such, the border may cause political as well as ethnic and geographical problems in the future. The Republic of Macedonia, as a newly established independent state, has already experienced a number of problems with its neighbours. One of the current issues is that of its international borders. Although these state borders were established after World War II, there are still unsettled questions concerning certain sections of them. In particular there have been a number of disputes associated with the border between Macedonia and Yugoslavia. Most of the present border between Macedonia and Greece is identical to the border established between Serbia and Greece after the Balkan Wars by the Bucharest Peace Agreement of 28 July 1913. The only location which was changed after World War I, as a result of the Neian Peace Agreement in 1919, was the tripartite point between Yugoslavia, Greece and Bulgaria on Belasica Mountain. With this change, the length of the border was increased by 12km eastwards.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Natural sciences > Other natural sciences
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Depositing User: Prof. d-r Jove Talevski
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2023 18:24
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2023 18:24

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