Statistical analysis of results in patients applying the sustainable diet indicators

Markovik, Gordana and Antoska-Knights, Vesna and Nikolovska Nedelkoska, Daniela and Damjanovski, Dragan (2020) Statistical analysis of results in patients applying the sustainable diet indicators. Journal of Hygienic Engineering and Design.

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The influence of the functional food and food supplements is of great importance not only to understanding
the patients’ needs, but also to improve the health and
to fairly consider having a better and healthier lifestyle.
Research on patient satisfaction regarding their physical appearance is very significant both for understanding their needs, as well as for objective consideration
of their health by health professionals. It is an essential
tool for health care improvement. Monitoring patients’
health should be the focus of attention of all health
professionals and nutritionists and shall become an
imperative and indicator for further evaluation.
The research was conducted on a simple random sampling of 56 patients in the Dietetics and Nutrition Counseling Company “PROTEKTAL” in Skopje. They were
monitored under strict medical supervision aimed at
treatment of obesity. For this purpose, they were put
on a very low calorie diet with a minimum input of 800
- 900 cal. daily, in small but frequent meals. This type of
functional food is the protein food that contains bioactive peptides and proteins that meet the daily needs
of intake of various foods rich in vitamins and minerals. For the statistical analysis of descriptive statistics
and correlations, Statistica for Windows 7 and SPSS 17.0
were used. The comparison between the phases of male
and female patients was performed with Student-tеst.
It was notable that after the first and second phase of
the diet, the values of all parameters were significantly reduced. After the eight-month diet (for some patients even slightly longer), i.e., after all five phases of
the diet, all parameters were back to normal and some
were even lower than the reference values. The body
mass (BM) among male decreased by an average of
34.7% and average decrease of 40.1% among female
subjects; body mass index (BMI) decreased by 51.3%,
while in the female population 43.4%. In male subject the chest circumference decreased by an average of
27.2%, and 30.9% by female population, while the
waist circumference decreased by an average of 27.8%,
and 30.3% among female subject. In male subjects, the
high transaminase values (ALT) taken at the beginning
of treatment decreased by an average of 40.7%, and
in female subjects, by 29%. An average decrease in
hepatic enzymes (AST) by 32.8% in male subjects and
32.3% in female subjects. The lipid status (HDL) values
were reduced by an average of 18.5% in male patients
and 23.5% in female subjects, while the total cholesterol values decreased by 25.2% on average in male
subject, while in female subject it was by 24.9%. The
triglycerides were reduced by 35.2% on average in the
male group, and 29.1% in female subjects; Glucose was
reduced by an average of 20.1% in male patients and
29.1% in female patients.
The results from t-test confirmed significant difference
from the male/female results between the phases and
before diet and after using the protein low calorie diet.

Key words: Bioactive proteins and peptides, Obesity,
Patients, Medical care, Balanced diet, Nutrition.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Natural sciences > Mathematics
Divisions: Faculty of Technology and Technical Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Jordan Martinovski
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2023 11:38
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2024 10:31

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