Development of tobacco economy in the Republic of Macedonia

Kabranova, Romina and Arsov, Zlatko and Anakiev, Boris and Kočoska, Karolina (2018) Development of tobacco economy in the Republic of Macedonia. 3rd International symposium for agriculture and food, ,Republic of Macedonia. Vol. 73. N. 2, pp. 101-105. ISSN 2545-4315. Book of proceedings, 72 (2). pp. 203-208. ISSN 2545-4315

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Tobacco is an economically important crop in Macedonia. To improve tobacco production is
necessary good agricultural practice, which also involves the implementation of new technologies
for production of tobacco seedlings. The Floating Trays System (FTS) is an advanced plant growing
technology, which is particularly important when it comes to the resistance of tobacco plants and
adaptation to a new environment (unavoidable physiological stress after transplantation). It
represents an environmentally acceptable technology that allows respectively management
chemicals and decreasing the risks of pollution on the humans and environmental management, as
well as the establishment of sustainable development at the global level. FTS also provides a high
yield and high quality of tobacco. Allows maximum use of dissolved nutrients, so plants form a
strong root system and have a rapid development after transplantation. Further development of
strong stems enables the formation of an adequate number of leaves even in unfavorable climatic
conditions for tobacco, and synthesizes and accumulates more dry mass per plant. The experiment
was set in a randomized block system in four repetitions on two oriental tobacco cultivars (prilep NS
72 and yaka YV 125/3), each in three variants: variant 1-control (conventional system of production);
variant 2-N and variant 3-P (the soilless system using Floating Trays). Among the systems evaluated,
the soilless system is technically the most successful and innovative which represents a technological
progress for producing uniform seedlings for their quick formation in the field and to establish more
homogeneous plantations. The results obtained in this trial showed significant differences among
the tested variants.
Keywords: Tobacco seedlings quality, floating system versus conventional

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Agricultural biotechnology
Divisions: Scientific Tobacco Institute
Depositing User: Prof. d-r. Karolina Kocoska
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 09:28
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2021 09:28

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