Refugee Crisis: Security Challenges for Macedonia and the Region

Gjurovski, Marjan and Rajkovcevski, Rade (2019) Refugee Crisis: Security Challenges for Macedonia and the Region. South East European Journal of Sustainable Development, 2 (2). pp. 89-95. ISSN 2545-4471

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The refugee crisis as a global phenomenon, triggered by several wars in the crisis regions on different
locations in Asia and Africa, as well expanded and internationally emphasized by the war in Syria and its surroundings,
putted to the test the political and institutional capacities of the European countries and the EU
as a global political actor. The approach to solving the problem of the refugee crisis, in the part referring to
Europe and addressing the core of the problem on the spot, showed that the EU lacked a rapid and effective
response, using mostly ad hoc solutions. Small European countries, even some of them are part of EU, are
concerned with the consequences of the refugee crisis without the ability to influence its causes. Using the
two different general country’s positions regarding the approach to the refugee crisis -standpoint of
the countries that could manage the crisis and standpoint of crisis manage them, most of concerned countries,
that represent the entrance point and collateral damage in this problem, are familiar with second standpoint.
The realities in the last few years showed that Balkan countries, as countries which do not have capacity
to resist to the supremacy for power and dominance among the major powers, are not target (final destination)
for refugees and source of conflict related to the refugee phenomena, as well as they only suffer from
its consequences. The war in Syria emphasized its multidimensional destructive potential, and the events
and consequences created a need for a redefinition of national security policies and strategies. The paper
highlights the refugee crisis as a global phenomenon, as well perspectives of the Republic of Macedonia and
Balkans, comparing the EU approach with domestic and regional security policies and strategies. In that term,
the goal of the paper is to analyze the on ground realities of refugee phenomenon combined with actions
taken by the national governments in wide regional context, as well response of those national security systems
in correlation with guidelines of EU policy and decision makers.
Keywords: refugee crisis, global security phenomenon, unilateral approach, smuggling of migrants and
human trafficking.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Political science
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Prof. Rade Rajkovchevski
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2020 20:15
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2022 12:08

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