Blazhekovikj - Dimovska, Dijana and Stevanovski, Vangel (2017) AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION AND ITS IMPACT OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA. International Journal Knowledge, 20 (5). pp. 2197-2202. ISSN 2545-4439

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Fishery as a commercial activity in the Republic of Macedonia has a long tradition, especially characteristic for fish hunting of the three natural lakes (Ohrid, Prespa and Dojran Lake). Since the beginning of the 1960's and the construction of warm water aquaculture in Bitola, Bukri and Bel Kamen, as well as cold water fishponds in Gostivar, Vrutok and Banjica, begins the era of aquaculture production of cyprinid and salmonid fish species in Macedonia. The last 10-15 years of the 21th century are characteristic of the accelerated pace of the development of aquaculture production and construction of trout fish farms and cage farms on artificial reservoirs. Such construction at an accelerated pace and spontaneously, without greater control and prescribed standards for environmental protection will result in disruption of the ecological balance in the water ecosystems. Attention in the future should be directed towards the protection of the environment, as well as, proper and controlled development of aquaculture production.
New scientific experiences shown that with the intensification of fish production, significant changes in the biophysical and chemical characteristics of the aquatic environment are possible.
The trout production for its development requires natural sources, clean and clear waters, with constant temperature, proper biophysical and chemical characteristics of the aquatic environment in which production is achieved.
Warm water fish species require quality agricultural areas and quality water that is less available.
The limited production conditions in terms of quality water and arable agricultural land will force to introduce modern technical and biotechnical solutions for increasing the fish production in the existing built capacities, i.e. its intensification. Restrictions and stricter norms for new fish farms of existing watercourses where fish farms are built will result in intensification of aquaculture production in existing farms, from which it is quite normal to expect better productive effects, economic effects, but also significantly greater impact on the ecological environment - water ecosystems in Macedonia.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Agriculture, forestry and fisheries
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnical Sciences
Depositing User: Prof. d-r Dijana Blazhekovikj - Dimovska
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2020 15:55
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 15:55

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