Basmak – A New Type of Tobacco in The Balkans

Korubin - Aleksoska, Ana and Mohammad Ayaz, Ahmad (2016) Basmak – A New Type of Tobacco in The Balkans. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS), 9 (8). pp. 12-17. ISSN e-: 2319-2380, p-: 2319-2372.

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Investigations were carried out with ten oriental tobaccos of the types: Basmak (MK-1, MK-2, MB-2, MB-3, MS-8/1, MS-9/3 and YZ-7), Prilep (Prilep Basma-82), Djebel (Xanthi Djebel-1) and Yaka (YV 125/3), to study: height of the stalk with inflorescence, leaf number, length of the middle belt leaves and dry mass yield per stalk. The trial was set up in the Experimental field of Tobacco Institute–Prilep in 2013 and 2014, in randomized block design with three replications, using traditional agricultural practices. The aim of the investigation is to study some more important quantitative traits of tobacco varieties, to make comparison between variants and to evaluate the variability in all genotypes. This investigation will give precise knowledge of the new type Basmak in Macedonia and the Balkans from genetic, morphological and agronomic aspects. The highest stalk among the investigated genotypes was recorded in Prilep Basma-82. This variety has the highest leaf number and the highest dry mass yield per stalk. МS-9/3 has the longest length of the middle belt leaves. Among the Basmak varieties,YZ-7 is the highest and MC 9/3 has the highest leaf number and yield. Differences between the traits of varieties in the years of investigation are not significant, except for the MS-8/1 for the stalk height and Prilep Basma-82 for the stalk height and leaf number per stalk. This is a sign of high inheritance of the studied traits. The two–year biometric investigations of quantitative traits of the varieties show low standard deviation and low coefficient of variability, which indicates stability and uniformity as a result of their homozygotness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.); type Basmak, quantitative traits. standard deviation, variability.
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Agriculture, forestry and fisheries
Divisions: Scientific Tobacco Institute
Depositing User: Prof. d-r. Ana Korubin - Aleksoska
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2020 18:46
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2020 18:46

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