The Impact of Demografic and Socio-Economic Conditions on the Prevalence of Speech Disorders in Preschool Children in Bitola

Rajchanovska, Domnika and Zafirova Ivanovska, Beti (2014) The Impact of Demografic and Socio-Economic Conditions on the Prevalence of Speech Disorders in Preschool Children in Bitola. Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2015 Mar-Apr;143(3-4):169-173, 143 (3-4). pp. 169-173.

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Introduction Speech development in preschool children should be consistent with a child’s overall
development. However, disorders of speech in childhood are not uncommon.
Objective The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of demographic and socio-economic
conditions on the prevalence of speech disorders in preschool children in Bitola.
Methods The study is observational and prospective with two years duration. During the period from
May 2009 to June 2011, 1607 children aged 3 and 5 years, who came for regular examinations, were
observed. The following research methods were applied: pediatric examination, psychological testing
(Test of Chuturik), interviews with parents and a questionnaire for behavior of children (Child Behavior
Checklist – CBCL).
Results 1,607 children were analyzed, 772 aged three years, 835 aged five years, 51.65% male and 49.35%
female. The prevalence of speech disorders was 37.65%. Statistical analysis showed that these disorders
were more frequent in three years old children, males living in rural areas and in larger families. They did
not have their own rooms at home, they were using mobile phones and were spending many hours per
day watching television, (p<0.01). Also, children whose parents had lower levels of education and were
engaged in agriculture, often had significant speech disorders, (p<0.01).
Conclusion Speech disorders in preschool children in Bitola have a high prevalence. Because of their
influence on later cognitive development of children, the process requires cooperation among parents,
children, speech and the audiologist with the significant role in prevention, early detection and treatment.
Keywords: dyslalia; developmental dysphasia; preschool children; socio-economic conditions

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Divisions: Higher Medical School
Depositing User: Vms Eprints
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2020 18:11
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2023 08:51

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