The determinants of gender differences in responses to unemployment in post-transition countries: the case of Macedonia

Nikoloski, Dimitar and Adnett, Nick (2015) The determinants of gender differences in responses to unemployment in post-transition countries: the case of Macedonia. In: A Life for Tomorrow - Social Transformations in South-East Europe. Institute for Democracy “Societas Civilis” Skopje, Skopje, pp. 155-172. ISBN 978-608-4775-04-1

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The transitional process was a multidimensional phenomenon that affected every domain of political, economic, and social life, one consequence in most European transitional countries was growing gender gaps in the labour market. The experience in almost all transition countries, including Macedonia shows that labour markets during transition became less dynamic with a relatively stagnant unemployment pool leading to increased long-term unemployment. The initial ‘transitional unemployment’ was characterised by a long average duration of unemployment, low probability of exiting unemployment into employment and pronounced labour market segmentation. The dominance of traditional households in South Eastern Europe suggests that men and women may differ in experiencing adverse affects of job loss, as well as in resorting to various coping strategies for unemployment. Below we examine the gender unemployment gap and the determinants of the differences in responses to unemployment between male and female unemployed workers in Macedonia, using a survey carried out on a representative sample of registered unemployed workers. We estimate an econometric model to identify factors that explain gender differences among unemployed workers, such as: personal perception of unemployment status, the role of the alternative labour market adjustment mechanisms and the treatment of unemployed by the policy measures. Finally, we formulate appropriate policy measures that will provide more balanced employment prospects from the gender perspective and improve overall labour market performance.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Economics and Business
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Political science
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Sociology
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Economics
Depositing User: Mr Dimitar Risteski
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2019 19:51
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2019 19:51

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