MACROECONOMIC ASPECTS OF UNEMPLOYMENT, POVERTY AND LIVING STANDARDS

Gogoski, Risto and Karadjova, Vera and Dicevska, Snezana (2012) MACROECONOMIC ASPECTS OF UNEMPLOYMENT, POVERTY AND LIVING STANDARDS. In: International scientific conference Migration and Labour Market - Montana - Krushevo, Krushevo.

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Abstract

Economic growth improves economic and social welfare in the long-time but may leave out a body of people who are faced with situations of poverty in the short- time due to business fluctuations and economic cycles. In the paper we research relation between employment and poverty. The weakness of employment is the main cause of poverty. How does poverty relate to work? A growing economy reduces poverty by creating more jobs and higher incomes. So employment is the main source to social inclusion and reducing poverty. But employment provides more than just an income - it integrates people in a social framework. So, the main aim of the paper is suggest solutions with regard to improvement employment and alleviating poverty. Unlike poverty, there is no “official” definition of social exclusion and no consensus as to any indicators that might measure the scale of the phenomenon. Exclusion is more a process than a state. Often, it is the result of a sequence of unfavorable events. The first of these is sometimes the loss of a job, which can be accompanied by increased difficulty in finding somewhere to live and a breakdown of social ties (family and friends). In the paper we interest to poor people according to their labor-market status. Economics of unemployment suggests a mismatch between supply and demand. People who are unemployed want to have a job but they are unable to find one. The most natural starting point for an economic analysis of unemployment is therefore the labor market. The flows into unemployment from employment, the flows from employment to unemployment, average unemployment duration and job protection are matter. Job insecurity, involving alternating periods of employment and non-employment, exposes people to poverty. Job insecurity is not to be confused with job instability, which describes a break in the link between an employee and a firm, but which may be followed by very rapid re-employment in another job. Who do government intervene in labor market? What are common forms of government intervention in labor market? Income inequality, discrimination in the marketplace leads to unemployment and poverty. Discrimination leads to an inefficient allocation of resources and results in production levels that lie inside the production possibilities curve. This paper analyses government opportunities to lower poverty and inequality further through social and labour market policies. Key words: unemployment, poverty, social exclusion and inclusion, labor market, social and labor market policies

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Economics and Business
Divisions: Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality
Depositing User: Mr Bojan Sekulovski
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2017 14:52
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 14:52
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/942

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