Conditions in the prisons in the Republic of Macedonia: opportunities for resocialization or degradation

Mojanoski, Cane T. and Dimovska, Elena (2015) Conditions in the prisons in the Republic of Macedonia: opportunities for resocialization or degradation. Faculty of Security - Skopje, Ohrid.

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A prison is an establishment controlled by the state in which inmates are forcibly confined and some of their rights are restricted with a legal court decision. But although the prison sentence is a type of punishment, the main purpose of imprisonment is not to punish the person for the crime that he / she committed. The main purpose of the prison sentence is to re-educate the prisoner, to make them understand the essence and the consequences of their act, and with a broad range of re-socialization measures to prepare them for returning in the social community, but as a completely changed and better person. To achieve that, the state organs have to apply many standards provided by the international organizations and conventions and also to apply the conditions prescribed in the national legislation. That minimal standard refers to the health care of the inmates, appropriate material conditions, sufficient size of cellular accommodation with high hygiene, adequate access to natural light and a purposeful regime for prisoners which will not be treated like the last stain in the society, but as equal human beings. Regardless to that, this paper attempts to show, through comprehensive analysis, whether the Republic of Macedonia strives to provide the best practices that are required by all legal regulations that refer to this matter. According to that, the focus of this paper is placed on the following questions: whether the conditions in the Macedonian prisons satisfy the minimum prescribed standards and whether the situation in the Macedonian prisons enables successful resettlement and rehabilitation of prisoners, or lead to their degradation and thus to increase the rate of recidivism? To give answers to the researched questions, this paper analyzes the national legislation, the relevant literature and the relevant international acts, reports, and proposals. Key words: prison, inmates, re-socialization, recidivism

Item Type: Other
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Olivera Trajanova
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 10:44
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2017 10:44

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