Security Science Paradigms in the Time of Expanded Approach to Security: When to Start and When to Finish a Security Sector Reform in a Conflict/Postconflict Society?

Kirkovski, Dimitar and Rajkovcevski, Rade (2015) Security Science Paradigms in the Time of Expanded Approach to Security: When to Start and When to Finish a Security Sector Reform in a Conflict/Postconflict Society? In: Researching Security: Approaches, Concepts and Policies. Faculty of Security-Skopje, Skopje, Macedonia, pp. 173-186. ISBN 978-608-4532-82-8

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Abstract

The world order is changing much faster than we think: conflicts are more than ever part of everyday political life. Interstate conflicts are not a rarity, but the number of intrastate conflicts has significantly increased since the fall of the Iron curtain. Ethno nationalism and a perceived lack of human rights became a root cause for (armed) conflicts in states, with the outcome of strong ethno-political polarization, greater concessions, regional autonomy and even division and “Balkanization” of the state(s). The world has tried to respond to these events appropriately and the number of peace keeping / support missions has also grown. Nowadays, the UN is engaged in more peace keeping missions and is spending more money on peacekeeping than ever. NATO has become engaged outside the Euro-Atlantic area with a new role of peace support operations (first in the Balkans and then even further afar). Security is the first area that needs attention in conflict and conflict society. The security system (in all its dimensions) must be reformed as soon as possible and local ownership of it must be achieved so that a functional system of providing security is set in place. International force should handover security provision as soon as possible, but the question remains: when should the security sector reform (SSR) start, and should it ever finish? This paper will try to give an answer to that question, based on some UN and NATO examples of SSR in the conflict / post conflict countries occurring since 1990s in Africa, the Balkans, and the Middle East. Key words: Security sector reform (SSR), conflict, international missions, UN.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Political science
Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Security
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rade Rajkovchevski
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2022 10:57
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2022 12:09
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/7278

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