CLASSIFICATION OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES AND OVERVIEW OF THE LANGUAGE SKILLS IN ESP CONTEXT

Prodanovska-Poposka, Vesna (2022) CLASSIFICATION OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES AND OVERVIEW OF THE LANGUAGE SKILLS IN ESP CONTEXT. Beder Journal of Educational Sciences, 26. pp. 117-132. ISSN 2306-0557

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Abstract

English is the official language in more than 50 countries around the globe, and is the most common second language worldwide. It is believed that English appears as the most learned and taught language in over 100 countries in the world and that almost half of the population in the world use English, either natively or as a foreign and second language. Since General English knowledge seem to be not satisfactory in helping professionals function well at work or at vocational educational settings, therefore the necessity for English for Specific Purposes or English as a Professional Language arose. English for Specific Purposes or ESP is a branch of applied linguistics in regard to second language acquisition and English as a foreign language, with particular emphasis on students' academic, professional, social and cultural needs. This paper presents the earliest classification of ESP and an overview of the basic linguistic skills such as speaking, reading, writing and listening in ESP context. In regard to the productive and receptive language competences speaking, writing, reading and listening in terms of ESP, speaking as a skill in ESP context indicates that being “orally skillful” is not considered to be crucial, due to the fact that it is believed that writing is to be prioritized because written proficiency was said to be crucial for a successful learner. Moreover, authentic texts are important for reading in ESP so the emphasis is on professional information that is in the text, and not within language structures. The vocabulary is an inevitable segment when it comes to reading, as reading is considered as an independent skill (acquiring professional vocabulary independently) and integrated skill. Listening in ESP and Listening in terms of General English are not equivalent, therefore ESP listening aims to develop active listeners who construct interpretations on the basis of input and ask for the needed information. Keywords: English for Specific Purposes, Language skills, ESP classification, English for Occupational Purposes

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Humanities > Languages and literature
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnical Sciences
Depositing User: Prof. d-r Vesna Prodanovska
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2022 06:19
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2022 06:19
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/7143

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