Gender employment inequality in the transport and logistics industry: the specifics in the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia

Stojanovic, Djurdjica and Biljanoska, Jovanka and Sharac, Dragana and Trajkov, Aleksandar (2014) Gender employment inequality in the transport and logistics industry: the specifics in the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia. In: Conference: Women's Issues in Transportation, “Bridging the Gap” 5th International Conference - Paris.

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Abstract

In 2011, the average women's share of the workforce for the transport and logistics industry (TLI) was approximately 22% in the European Union. In the Republic of Serbia, the share was similar (22%), while in the Republic of Macedonia this share was only 13%. These data inspired us to explore the reasons for gender employment inequality (GEI) in the TLI and the possibilities to decrease it, while respecting their specific and complex environments. The Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia have many similarities, so it could be expected that the GEI rates in transport and logistics sectors are similar. Both quantitative and qualitative research methods are used in the presented research. We compared the countries' main characteristics, by using a statistical database on gender employment in the TLI in both countries, "Gender Organization System" (GOS) perspective and gave an example to explore the gap between the women’s share in the TLI labor force in the two countries, and possible reasons for it. We went beyond the GOS perspective and explored both horizontal and vertical impacts on sex segregation in the TLI, as well as the impact of a macroeconomic context. The paper underpins the necessity for understanding gender-related industry specifics within an overall economy environment, and a need for a suitable database development. They are necessary preconditions for the continuous monitoring of gender mainstreaming and a starting point to set up the priority measures to improve gender equality and equity in the TLI in the future.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Economics and Business
Divisions: Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality
Depositing User: Mr Bojan Sekulovski
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2017 12:09
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2017 07:51
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/687

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