LUMPY SKIN DISEASE (BRC) - OCCURRENCE, CAUSES, ECONOMIC LOSSES OF CATTLES IN PELAGONIA REGION OF R. MACEDONIA

Cilev, Goce and Gacovski, Zivko and Petrovska, Biljana and Crnec, Ivana (2018) LUMPY SKIN DISEASE (BRC) - OCCURRENCE, CAUSES, ECONOMIC LOSSES OF CATTLES IN PELAGONIA REGION OF R. MACEDONIA. International scientific on-line Journal SCIENCE-TEHNOLOGIES, 8 (5). pp. 41-47.

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Abstract

Lumpy skin disease (BRC, Lumpy Skin Disease, Neethling virus disease, Exantema nodularis bovis, Neethling) is infectious, enzootic, eruptive, and rarely fatal disease with acute or subacute course. Manifested by moderate to severe symptoms that include disseminated occurrence of cutaneous nodular lesions with a diameter of 2-5cm and lymphadenopathy followed by high temperatures to 41ºS (Babiuk et al., 2008). It occurs in cattle and is characterized by a high rate of morbidity and mortality rate relatively low 1-3%, although may reach 40% (Coetzer, 2004; Tuppurainen & Oura, 2012). Until 1989. emergence of BRC was limited only within the African continent. After 1989 spread to Madagascar in the Middle East. In 2013 BRC occurs in Turkey (Sherrylin et al., 2013) where it is transferred to Greece and Bulgaria. Greek first occurs in 2015, and the 2016 killing of three hotspots located in its northern parts, and later that year was passed in Bulgaria (Smith, 2016). In Macedonia, the first case of lumpy skin disease is determinated on 21 April 2016 in the village of Chiflik (Demir Kapija). On April 27th BRC is set in the village Lakavica (Stip), on 28 April in the village Zleovo (Radovis) and Vetren (Delcevo) (Dogani, 2016). Lumpy skin disease is caused by a DNA virus (LSDV-lumpy skin disease virus) family Poxviridea, family Capripoxvirus. The virus is closely correlated and high antigenic similarity to viruses sheep and goat pox (Babiuk et al., 2008). The virus is extremely stable and resistant to inactivation, surviving up to 35 days a necrotizing skin lesions up to 18 days in dried carcasses. In the environment, depending on conditions, can survive up to several months. The aim of this work was determinate the number of cattle who have a Lumpy skin diseases in Pelagonia region of R. Macedonia. The researches were conducted in the producing conditions in animal breeding farm (ABF) in Bitola, Novaci and Mogila. In mancipality of Bitola was infected 987 ABF with 15.767 cattle, in mancipality of Novaci was infected 192 ABF with 7.414 cattle and in mancipality of Mogila was infected 41 ABF with 5.138 cattle. Total of number of infected animals in Pelagonia region was 28.319 cattle in 1220 ABF. First cause of this disease in Pelagonia region was determinate in July 2016 and in next month August 2016 were realized vaccination of all animals. Results of vaccination was 99.79% was success, 2% advisory and 0,1% positive. The economic losses of cattle in Pelagonia region from this disease is minimum, because on time was realized vaccination. BRC no adequate therapy. They can use antibiotics but their role is not suppression of the cause, but preventing secondary bacterial infections. BRC causes significant economic losses as a result of temporary or permanent sterility, mastitis, reduced milk production, damage to the skin and flesh and mortality of about 20%. Secondary economic losses due to the restriction of trade in animals and animal products, and the establishment of control and eradication measures – vaccination campaigns (Tuppurainen & Oura, 2012), quarantine, depopulation of infected and exposed animals, disinfection and control of insects (Rovid, 2008). Keywords: Lumpy skin disease (BRC), infections, cattle, causes, economic losses

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Agricultural Sciences > Veterinary science
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Depositing User: Mr Aleksandar Lozanovski
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2021 13:10
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2021 13:10
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/6411

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