TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS AND THE POST – CONFLICT BALKANS AS SUITABLE GROUNDS FOR CONTINUOUS CRIMINAL PROCESS

Stanojoska, Angelina (2011) TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS AND THE POST – CONFLICT BALKANS AS SUITABLE GROUNDS FOR CONTINUOUS CRIMINAL PROCESS. Faculty of Security - Skopje. ISBN 978-608-4532-17-0

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Official URL: http://fb.uklo.edu.mk/fs?file=collection/Zbornik%2...

Abstract

Slaves have existed since the beginning of times. Human history is full of many examples of countries that were founded on slavery which believed that exploitation of these slaves is not exploitation, but that these people are inferior to others and deserve that situation. As Aristotle himself in his work "Politics" said that "it is clear that some people are born free, while others are born as slaves, and that for the latter ones their condition of slavery, is justice and profit." Kevin Bales says that if we make a parallel between the slavery of the past and the present, modern slavery, the latter one is being characterized by very low cost for slaves, very high profits for traffickers, a short time relation between the slave and trafficker, a large number of potential slaves and irrelevance of ethnic differences. Attributes of modern slavery are: invisibility, mobility and the international criminal organizations. Given the geographical position of the Balkan Peninsula, which forms a bridge between East and West, as well as high level of interdependence between the demand for illegal labor in the West and supply of illegal workers from the East, we must recognize the important place of this part of Europe in the process of connecting of the local with international crime markets. In terms of the Balkan Peninsula and routes of transportation of victims of trafficking, it is essential to note that most Balkan countries play the role of incidental transit stations. It is clear that the destinations of victims are the member states of the European Union. Republic of Macedonia as a country spending 19 years in transition didn’t remain out of the situations of trafficking. At the beginning it was a transit country. However, in recent years criminal groups are increasingly focused on internal trafficking, without a need to pass borders and corrupt law enforcement officers. This paper aims to show the suitability of the Balkan Peninsula as a territory for continuous functioning of the process of trafficking in human beings, especially of its first two phases. Also to the characteristics of modern slavery we encounter in these areas. Key words: Balkan Peninsula, process, Republic of Macedonia, routes, trafficking in human beings

Item Type: Book
Subjects: Scientific Fields (Frascati) > Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Law
Depositing User: Mr Mladen Kradzoski
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2019 18:37
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2019 11:18
URI: http://eprints.uklo.edu.mk/id/eprint/1745

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